What can be done
about atopic dermatitis?

Everybody has their own kind of atopic dermatitis

The progression, degree of severity and form of atopic dermatitis all vary from person to person. And each person reacts differently to potential stimuli that can trigger flares. Something that is unproblematic for one person can trigger an atopic flare in somebody else. This means that it is not possible to give a generally valid recommendation, and so the treatment strategy must be individually adapted. Nevertheless, consistent skin care and avoiding individual stimuli that can trigger flares are part of every therapeutic approach. Good stress management and relaxation techniques can also have a beneficial effect on the complexion.

The areas of skin affected vary according to age

The skin of people with atopic dermatitis generally tends to be dry. The parts of the body affected by eczema vary according to age. In the case of infants, it is usually the face, scalp and extensor surfaces of the limbs that are affected. With children, the typical eczemas appear more frequently on the insides of the arms and legs, and also on the wrists and ankles. Teenagers and adults usually find that eczema appears on the face (especially eyelids) and hands.

Basic care for atopic skin

Daily skin care is an important foundation for the treatment of atopic dermatitis. During acute flares it is an important cornerstone for improving the skin condition in conjunction with therapy. The aim is to interrupt the vicious circle of itching and scratching, the resulting skin damage and loss of barrier function, and therefore counteract the penetration of allergens and irritants that in turn trigger more itching. Daily skin care provides moisture and lipids in between flares. This should increase skin suppleness and elasticity and extend the period without flares for as long as possible.

Helpful tips to avoid itching

Even though the disease itself is not curable, learning how to deal with it can improve the quality of life for both the patient and their family. It helps to be aware of your own body and get a feeling for what benefits the skin and for the potential triggers of an atopic dermatitis flare. Avoiding and reducing the triggers are the most important steps towards preventing eczema flares wherever possible. It is important not to be stressed about wanting to control all the factors. This is hardly possible and in turn causes more unnecessary stress.

As stress and turmoil are among the potential triggers of itching, it is important to remain positive and relaxed. Keeping calm and also radiating a sense of calm can both help to avoid eczema flares. It can also be helpful to cool the skin and soothe it with damp, oily dressings.

The choice of clothing can also influence itching: Pleasantly soft materials such as cotton, linen and silk, and also breathable textiles such as functional underwear are very suitable for people with atopic dermatitis.

Keeping bedrooms at a cool temperature of about 18 °C can also help to avoid or reduce itching.